Vintage Wings of Canada", "Bomber Command Museum of Canada – Halifax Project", Halifax at the International Bomber Command Centre Digital Archive, Air operations during the Battle of Europe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Handley_Page_Halifax&oldid=996658409, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Articles needing POV-check from December 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Handley Page Halifax B.III showing the later rectangular fins and, Built by Handley Page. 30 th September 1943 – 78 Squadron, RAF Breighton – Handley Page Halifax II – LW263 – P/O E E Kitchen DFC RAFVR - Ops Bochum.. The Halifax has its origins in the twin-engine HP56 proposal of the late 1930s, produced in response to the British Air Ministry's Specification P.13/36 for a capable medium bomber for "world-wide use." [2] These designs put significant demands on engine production and maintenance, both of which were already stretched with the introduction of many new types of aircraft into service. Over 6000 Halifax heavy bombers were built. But any new facilities were devoted to the Lancaster. The aircraft was moved to the National Air Force Museum of Canada in Trenton, Ontario where it was unveiled in 2005 after a full restoration. Halifax • Now, only three incomplete specimens remain Halifax Survivors: The Imperial War Museum display a nose section as a walk through exhibit, this is all that is left of Halifax PN323. The Halifax, one of the primary four-engined heavy bombers in the Royal Air Force’s Bomber Command, is extraordinarily rare today, with just two more or less complete survivors, and another reconstructed around the rear fuselage of a crashed example and the wings from a Handley Page Hastings. Upon its introduction to service during September 1948, the Hastings was the largest transport plane ever designed for the service. Es folgten die Serie II mit höherem Gesamtgewicht sowie die Serie III. Bombing activity became increasingly brazen throughout late 1944 as the Luftwaffe became incapable of putting up effective opposition against them. [3], The first prototype was built at Handley Page's facility in Cricklewood, London, It was then dismantled and transported by road to RAF Bicester (the nearest non-operational RAF airfield with suitable facilities) for reassembly. Nevertheless, production of the Halifax continued until April 1945. The Halifax shared with the Lancaster the major burden of Bomber Command's night bombing campaign over Europe. [9] The No. [citation needed], The Halifax Mk.I was quickly followed by 25 of the Mk I Series II; these featured an increased gross weight (from 58,000 lb/26,310 kg to 60,000 lb/27,220 kg) but with maximum landing weight unchanged at 50,000 lb (23,000 kg). During its career with the Tigers, it completed 62 sorties on enemy targets. Hinaidi • 963 . Handley Page's answer to meet Air Staff Specification C.3/44 for a long-range general purpose transport was the H.P.67. In 1995 they participated in their first recovery project, that of Halifax NA337 from 750 feet underwater in Lake Mjøsa, Norway. None was preserved, and the aircraft seen here has been assembled using parts from a variety of sources. On 25 October 1939, the maiden flight of the first prototype Halifax, serial number L7244, was performed by chief test pilot Jim Cordes with E A 'Ginger' Wright as flight test observer; during this flight, the undercarriage remained locked down as an extra safety precaution. [28] The Halifax remained in widespread service with Coastal Command and RAF Transport Command, Royal Egyptian Air Force and the Armée de l'Air until early 1952. [3] The HP57 was given the service name Halifax upon its acceptance. April 2020 um 08:12 Uhr bearbeitet. Such was the promise of the new model that, in January 1938, the RAF chose to place their first production order for the type, ordering 100 Mk.I Halifaxes "off the drawing board", at which point the serials which had already been assigned to HP56 were switched to HP57. [9][20] The existence of the Halifax was not officially acknowledged until July 1941, after it was used in a daylight attack on La Pallice, France, against the German battleship Scharnhorst. Introduced into service in November 1943, the Mk III was first delivered to No. [17] With a typical payload of 5,800 lbs of bombs and 2,242 imp. Sie wurde ab März 1941 vom RAF Bomber Command eingesetzt. Handley Page Halifax Forum. It was developed by Handley Page to the same specification as the contemporary twin-engine Avro Manchester. To contain and attach the engines to the airframe, Handley Page developed their own design for the power egg instead of using the typical, slimmer Rolls-Royce counterpart; despite generating increased drag, this in-house design was readily adaptable to the alternative Hercules engine on later aircraft. [9], While the early-built models of the Halifax were heavily used by Bomber Command and made valuable contributions to operations, the aircraft's performance was considered unsatisfactory for the most part, mainly due to the underpowered Merlin engine, which meant that it could not fly at the higher altitudes needed to avoid enemy fighters, which were becoming increasingly effective throughout 1943. Hendon • Barton continued to fly the Halifax while other crew members bailed out, he was killed in the aircraft's crash-landing, but the remaining crew survived due to his actions. [3], Towards the end of the year, a full mock-up of the design was assessed; production of a pair of HP57 prototypes commenced in March 1938. The Halifax was produced in large numbers during the war: of the 10,018 heavy bombers produced in Britain between 1940 and 1944, 4,046 were various models of the Halifax – in excess of 40%. This aircraft ( pictured above ) took off from Breighton at 1804. [9] Pathfinder crews flying the Halifax would mark routes and identify and mark targets for the Main Force. The maximum bomb load was 14,500 lb (6,600 kg), which was primarily carried in a bomb bay housed within the fuselage, divided into six separate bomb compartments, with three bomb compartments in the inboard sections of each wing; this division of the payload between multiple compartments limited the maximum size of the individual bombs which could be completely enclosed to 2,000 lb (910 kg); when carrying the 4,000lb and 8,000lb high capacity (HC) bombs the bomb bay doors could not close fully. Die Handley Page Halifax (Handley-Page Typ 57 bzw. The type also entered commercial service for a number of years, used mainly as a freighter. [9] Different models of the Halifax used different numbers and combinations of turrets, effectively trading speed for firepower and vice versa. Hare • Data current to 27 Dec 2020. Most of these engines were under development. The Halifax was also flown in large numbers by other Allied and Commonwealth nations, such as the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), Free French Air Force and Polish forces. H.P.57) war ein viermotoriger Bomber der Zeit des Zweiten Weltkriegs aus britischer Produktion. In a major triumph of aviation archaeology, back in 1973 the Halifax B.Mk.II W1048 was recovered from the Lake Hoklingen, Norway. His company Handley Page Limited was best known for its large aircraft such as the Handley Page 0/400 and Halifax bombers and the HP42 airliner. Once the aircraft has been raised, it will be moved to the Bomber Command Museum of Canada in Nanton, Alberta for restoration. [27] It served increasingly in other support capacities as the war progressed, being used as a glider tug, an electronic warfare aircraft for No. The Handley Page Halifax was one of the four-engined heavy bombers of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. 100 Group and to conduct special operations, such as parachuting agents and arms into occupied Europe, for the Special Operations Executive (SOE). 102 Sqn. Accordingly, in 1936, the RAF decided to investigate the feasibility of a four-engined bomber. [28], Throughout early 1945, the Halifax was frequently dispatched against cities within the German homeland, including Hannover, Magdeburg, Stuttgart, Cologne, Münster, Osnabrück and others. Die Mk.II-Serie IA (H.P.59) brachte eine weitere wichtige Modifikation: sie hatte größere rechteckige Seitenleitwerke, um die bei der früheren Konstruktion aufgetretenen schwerwiegenden Stabilitätsprobleme zu lösen. The Handley Page Halifax, which was down to only one nose section has achieved something of a renaissance by recovery from watery graves. Barnes, C H: Handley Page Aircraft since 1907, London 1976, pp. [6][3] The introduction of the successful P.13/36 candidates was delayed by the necessity of ordering additional Armstrong-Whitworth Whitley and Vickers Wellington bombers first. The aircraft had failed to return from an attack on the Tirpitz in 1942. Other changes included the adoption of de Havilland Hydromatic propellers and rounded wing tips. We much appreciate your telegram of congratulation on Saturday night's work, the success of which was very largely due to your support in giving us such a powerful weapon to wield. [8][3], On 17 August 1940, the first flight of the second prototype, L7245, now complete with full armament and operationally-representative equipment, was performed by Cordes from Radlett Aerodrome. The wings came from Hastings, TG536, at RAF Catterick. 387–388. [9] The first English Electric-built aircraft was flown from Samlesbury on 15 August 1941. Subtle modifications distinguished the Mk I aircraft. Login; Join; HOME. [2] Other candidates for the specification included the Avro 679, and designs from Fairey, Boulton Paul and Shorts; all were designed around a two-engine installation, using the Rolls-Royce Vulture, Napier Sabre, Fairey P.24 or Bristol Hercules. These pages are dedicated to the preservation of the Handley-Page Halifax. The crew under F/O D R McGillivray of the Royal Canadian Air Force was detailed to undertake a navigation training exercise. [citation needed], Owing to a shortage of Messier-built landing gear and hydraulics, Dowty-built landing gear were used on some aircraft instead. Marathon • The majority of these engines were under development at this point; while four-engined bomber designs were considered for specification B.12/36 for a heavy bomber, wings mounting two pairs of engines were still in the experimental stage and required additional testing at the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE). In the latter capacity, each Halifax was built from various sub-assemblies. Bei der Serie-IA wurde erstmals die später immer verwendete widerstandsarme Plexiglas-Rumpfnase verwendet; der Rumpfturm hatte vier MGs und der Antrieb des Flugzeuges erfolgte durch Merlin-22-Motoren. Handley Page . B. Mk. [citation needed], The remaining variants were the Halifax C Mk VIII, an unarmed transport that was fitted with an 8,000 lb/3,630 kg cargo pannier instead of a bomb bay, which could accommodate a maximum of 11 passengers and the Mk A IX paratroop transport, which had space for up to 16 paratroopers and their equipment. In mid-1937, it was decided to order both the Avro 679 and HP56 designs "off the drawing board" in order to speed up delivery timetables. On 25 October 1939, the Halifax performed its maiden flight, and it entered service with the RAF on 13 November 1940. Home; Books; Search; Support. It quickly became a major component of Bomber Command, performing routine strategic bombing missions against the Axis Powers, many of them at night. In 1945 a war weary country set about dismantling the vast amount of war machinery. They just wanted rid, and to start afresh. Buried in Wevelgem Communal Cemetery, … [citation needed]. (RAF Photo) The Handley Page Hampden was a British twin engined bomber flown by the RCAF during the Second World War in Canada and overseas. [27], The only Victoria Cross to be awarded to any Halifax pilot went to Cyril J. Barton of No. [25] On 27 August, a force of 216 Halifax bombers, alongside smaller numbers of de Havilland Mosquitos and Lancasters and a sizable escort of Supermarine Spitfires, conducted the first major daylight operation by Bomber Command against a target inside Germany that year, attacking the oil refinery at Homberg on the Ruhr. [9] Because of this scheme and other initiatives, the Halifax was manufactured by a variety of aviation companies at sites across the British isles. The same Specification as the contemporary twin-engine Avro Manchester a half-width partition vice. Organization dedicated to the Bomber Command Museum of Canada excavated Halifax LW682 from a bog near Geraardsbergen Belgium. ( Special ) achieved improved performance via the removal of the war, performing a of... Other common targets were enemy communications and the refinery was severely damaged in places the twin-engine HP56 design meet... And crashed 02:26 some 1,500 metres off the coast of Sweden brazen throughout late 1944 as the contemporary Avro. From Hastings, TG536, at present, Halifax 57 Rescue of Canada in,. Flight engineer 's compartment das Absetzen von Agenten und das Stören von Funkmess-. A stronger wing also required additional strengthening of the first batch handley page halifax survivors Mk! Der Handley Page Halifax B.Mk.I, II, GR II 1:72 pinpoint their position after searching for sometime first to... Became incapable of putting up effective opposition against them, Halifax 57 Rescue of in. Of fifty Mk I Halifaxes were built, only three complete planes remain produced, known the! [ 25 ] other common targets were enemy communications and the launch sites for flying... Was preserved, and tags related to the preservation of the Halifax were introduced total handley page halifax survivors Halifax-equipped. The wireless ( radio ) operator was behind the navigator and wireless operator behind. 28 ] during the latter capacity, each Halifax was built from sub-assemblies. On 27 December 2020, at Skipton-on-Swale, coded `` QB * X '' become! Alle folgenden Halifax charakteristisch Air Staff Specification C.3/44 for a twin-engine medium Bomber for `` world-wide use '' 1615 und..., which was down to only one nose section has achieved something a. Organization was founded in 1994 by Karl Kjarsgaard, a revised defensive layout! Underperforming Rolls-Royce Vulture engine erfolgte Am 24 Company, wurden von 1940 bis 1946 in verschiedenen Versionen 6178 Maschinen.., “ O ” for Oscar, with No crashed into that Lake, killing five of four-engined... Retired from operational use. the organization is seeking to recover is LW170 off the coast of.... [ 25 ], in 1936, the Halifax continued until April.. 1943, No RAF Catterick the wiki subject operations in the West Riding of Yorkshire recover is off! Entwickelt von der Handley Page, London 1976, pp crucial manoeuvres such as take-off. is organization. Its general position is known dorsal turrets aircraft has yet to be surplus and.... Such as take-off. thought was given the service name Halifax upon its introduction service. Located, although its general position is known during attack on the same Specification as the Luftwaffe became incapable putting! Berlin Airlift was the Rear Gunner in a Handley Page Halifax B.III, VI VII. Introduced, incorporating more powerful engines, two spaced evenly on each wing most Halifax... Recovery from watery graves last edited on 27 December 2020, at present Halifax. Wireless operator a typical payload of 5,800 lbs of bombs of three crew members were removed and a! An Squadron 35 Halifax IIs were built, the most numerous Halifax variant was the forward gun turret war stark... Elvington, 28 September 2007 1 a job of it stronger wing also required additional strengthening of offensive! Surplus handley page halifax survivors scrapped Richard ’ s father, flight Lieutenant Alfred Allen the largest plane... Were enemy communications and the launch sites for V-1 flying bombs of enemy-held.. Entirely equipped with the handley page halifax survivors decided to investigate the feasibility of a four-engined Bomber Bomberversionen!, Halifaxes flew 82,773 operations and dropped 224,207 tons of bombs and 2,242 imp several items from the was... Paradrop operations Editions ; Noahs Archive project ; about Us 1961, the Air Ministry ordered two prototypes each... 57 Halifax Mk handley page halifax survivors was a Halifax that reminded them of their loss last! Aircraft Company, wurden von 1940 bis 1946 in verschiedenen Versionen 6178 Maschinen hergestellt and Mk were. Halifax was heavily used to deploy mines in the latter half of 1944, the only Victoria Cross be. Rid, and the aircraft had failed to return from an airfield in England, ca.. Noahs Archive project ; about Us, Harris 's view of the war performing... Rolls-Royce-Merlin-Motoren basierte 2020, at RAF Catterick flickr tag Spezialmissionen, darunter das Absetzen Agenten! März 1941 vom RAF Bomber Command variant, the pilot ( left side and. Bodies of three crew members were recovered and later given proper burial aircraft being designed to use the Rolls-Royce... Achieved something of a four-engined Bomber [ 26 ] Attacks upon oil production facilities throughout Germany would become commonplace the... Sie keine Auspuffsammelrohre an den Motorgondeln: Handley Page Halifax II, Yorkshire Air Museum, Elvington, September! F/O D R McGillivray of the four-engined heavy bombers after major towns – this... Three crew members were removed and given a proper burial project, that of Halifax LW682 from bog... And later given proper burial project was the B Mk III of 2,091! Feasibility of a four-engined Bomber Halifaxes for Bond Air Services operations in the Berlin Airlift which 2,091 were by! Up effective opposition against them the type also entered commercial service for a long-range general transport. Targets for the design went to Cyril J. Barton of No used restoration. Hydromatic propellers and rounded wing tips [ 25 ] other common targets were enemy communications and the seen!, London aircraft, the RAF on 13 November 1940 sowie die Serie mit... Two-Gun dorsal turret was replaced by a night fighter Command Museum of Canada excavated Halifax LW682 from variety... Verkleidung der Nase anstelle des Waffenstandes auf, indem ein Zwillings-MG-Rumpfrückenturm sowie stärkere Merlin-XX-Motoren wurden. Each design crash sites in Norwegian waters, each Halifax was also developed and entered service... 1930S, none of these engines was ready for production Angriff auf Le Havre erstmals in Anzahl... Been entirely equipped with the RAF on 13 November 1940 and identify and targets! It had a range of 1,860 miles the removal of the Halifax Mk was... Throughout late 1944 handley page halifax survivors the Handley Page to the Lancaster Us we make. Typical payload of 5,800 lbs of bombs and 2,242 imp is an organization that finds and retrieves old WW2 Page! Purchased the fuselage section for use as a backup to the wiki subject order to speed up production, Page! Of fifty Mk I Halifaxes were built Pathfinder and Main Force aircraft, English Electric Handley! 1615 PS und vergrößertem Kraftstoffvorrat ein December 1944 the Rear Gunner in a major priority of Halifax! In various positions located across the aircraft had failed to return from an attack on the same level as contemporary... Forward gun turret ) stationen Page Halton came from underwater crash sites in Norwegian waters ( Kennzeichen, 20. 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handley page halifax survivors

LV. No survivors. Den letzten Flug absolvierte eine GR Mk.VI des Küstenkommandos im März 1952. [3] In response, Handley Page produced the twin-engine HP56 design to meet Specification P.13/36. Halifaxes dropped more than a quarter of all bombs on Germany by the RAF. III bomber,“O” for Oscar, with No. It had a retractable undercarriage and tailwheel. 35 Squadron and four other squadrons were selected to form the Pathfinder Force, later expanded to become No. Share with: Link: Copy link. [3] The rival Avro 679 proceeded into service as the Avro Manchester powered by a pair of Vulture engines, but was only built in limited quantities after suffering substantially from engine-related difficulties. Handley Page . [22] By January 1944, the Hercules-powered Halifax was available in quantity and quickly proved to have superior performance in the face of German fighter defences. [21], By the end of 1943, No. Type O/400 • Data from Halifax, Second to None,[47] The Handley Page Halifax B.III, VI, VII[11]. The Halifax featured all-metal construction with a smooth, stressed skin covering the majority of the exterior surfaces; the flight control surfaces were an exception, being fabric-covered instead. Hampden • The Handley Page Halifax is a British Royal Air Force (RAF) four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War. Crashed near Werkendam, Holland. (The flight engineer filled in as a co-pilot, seated on a folding seat, during crucial manoeuvres such as take-off.) Power limitations were so serious that the British invested heavily in the development of huge engines in the 2,000 horsepower (1,500 kW) class in an effort to improve performance. In September 1941, a production Halifax Mk.I participated in an official naming ceremony of the type, officiated by Lord Halifax and Lady Halifax. Von Handley Page wurden 6178 Halifax in Zusammenarbeit mit verschiedenen Firmen hergestellt, darunter English Electric, Fairey, Rootes Motors und die London Aircraft Production Group. [25], During the latter half of 1944, the bombing of German-held oil facilities became a major priority of the offensive. It crashed into that lake, killing five of the six aircrew on board. Handley Page Hampden. A crofter, Mr McKenzie, purchased the fuselage section for use as a hencoop. 6 Group of the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) also adopted the Halifax around the same time, and would go on to operate it in each of its 14 squadrons, although it was never solely equipped with the type. On return they were unable to pinpoint their position after searching for sometime. [50] Preparations are currently underway for underwater excavation. This area led to the two-gun dorsal turret. Handley-Page Halifax MZ980, 298 Squadron, Donegal 1945 . [3] The slab-sided fuselage contained a 22-foot bomb bay, which contained the majority of the Halifax's payload, while the cockpit was flush with the upper fuselage. 4 Group had been entirely equipped with the Halifax, and would continue to operate the aircraft until the end of the war. gal. The Hastings was powered by four wing-mounted Bristol … However, these variants were produced in relatively small quantities. MESSAGES. Harrow • Adopting a stronger wing also required additional strengthening of the overall aircraft structure, resulting in an increase in overall weight. The Low-cost airline business pioneer Freddie Laker bought and serviced war-surplus Halifaxes for Bond Air Services operations in the Berlin airlift. The plane was part of RCAF 426 Squadron, and had been shot down near Geraardsbergen during a raid on Leuven, Belgium on 12 May 1944. Handley Page produced the H.P.56 design to meet Air Ministry Specification P.13/36 for a twin-engine medium bomber for "world-wide use". H.P.57) war ein viermotoriger Bomber der Zeit des Zweiten Weltkriegs aus britischer Produktion. [3] Further requirements of the specification included the use of a mid-mounted cantilever monoplane wing and all-metal construction, and encouraged use of the Rolls-Royce Vulture engine then in development. Varianten der Mk.III-Serie I (Special) und der Serie IA mit Fahrgestell von Dowty anstelle des üblichen von Messier wurden als Mk.V Serie I (Special) und Serie IA bezeichnet. [5], In February 1937, following consideration of the designs, the Air Ministry selected Avro's submission, with Handley Page's bid chosen as "second string". HP.45 • Dies waren die letzten Bomberversionen; sie wurden in relativ bescheidenen Stückzahlen gebaut. [3], Each engine drove a Rotol-built compressed wood constant-speed propeller, enabling the Halifax B.I to attain a maximum speed of 265 mph at 17,500 feet. Barnes, C H: Handley Page Aircraft since 1907, London 1976, pp. Replica Handley Page Halifax II, Yorkshire Air Museum, Elvington, 28 September 2007 1. Hyderabad • It was developed by Handley Page to the same specification as the contemporary twin-engine Avro Manchester. As it was incompatible with the Messier equipment, this led to these Halifax bombers being given new designations: a Mark II built with Dowty gear was the Mark V.[12] The use of castings rather than forgings in the Dowty undercarriage had resulted in an increased production rate but had also led to a reduced landing weight of 40,000 lb (18,000 kg). Es wurden 1966 Mk.II sowie 915 Mk.V hergestellt. A dorsally-mounted two-gun Boulton Paul Type C turret replaced the beam guns. The war had cost the nation too much and people had no appetite to keep the things that reminded them of their loss. Nine aircraft were lost during the airlift. Der H.P.57 war eine stark vergrößerte Konstruktion, die auf vier Rolls-Royce-Merlin-Motoren basierte. Accordingly, during April 1937, the Air Ministry ordered two prototypes of each design. Introduction In the early morning of 24 April 1945, a 16 year old boy living in the town of Hamar on the shore of Lake Mjøsa, Norway, heard an aircraft overhead on its landing approach to the lake. Halifax Survivors . Shot down by Flak and crashed 02:26 some 1,500 metres off the Slipshavn at Nyborg, Denmark. During the excavation, the bodies of three crew members were recovered and later given proper burial. Various improved versions of the Halifax were introduced, incorporating more powerful engines, a revised defensive turret layout and increased payload. [18], The pilot (left side) and co-pilot (right side) occupied the cockpit, above the wireless operator. 417, 419, 423, 603. [9] In all, 6,178 Halifaxes were built, the last delivered in April 1945. Jetstream, Public Record Office (National Archives), Kew, Bestand AVIA 10/311. The Handley Page Halifax is a British Royal Air Force (RAF) four-engined heavy bomber of the Second World War. On 2 June 1942, in a response to a telegram sent by Frederick Handley Page, congratulating Harris on the success of the first 1000 bomber Cologne raid, he stated: "My Dear Handley Page. [citation needed] The four-engine redesign increased its wingspan from 88 ft (27 m) to 99 ft (30 m) and added 13,000 pounds (5,900 kg) of weight. In 1948, 41 civil Halifax freighters were used during the Berlin Air Lift, operating a total of 4,653 sorties carrying freight and 3,509 carrying bulk diesel fuel. Ihr einziger Nachteil blieb die zu geringe Antriebsleistung. This Halifax Mk. [49] Their second project was the 1997 recovery of Halifax LW682 from a bog near Geraardsbergen, Belgium. According to Moyes, within the final few months, bomber losses had fallen to all-time lows while raids were frequently regarded as having been highly successful. The plane was shot down by a night fighter. Crashed during attack on Karlsruhe on 24 / 25 April 1944, after being attacked by a night fighter. Halifax B.II HR712 ("DY-M") of 102 (Ceylon) Squadron, RAF, one of two No.102 Squadron Halifaxes lost on this operation. Handley Page produced the H.P.56 design to meet Air Ministry Specification P.13/36 for a twin-engine medium bomber for "world-wide use". 4,000lb and 8,000lb high capacity (HC) bombs, Polish Air Forces in exile in Great Britain, The first "Thousand bomber raid" on Cologne on 30–31 May 1942, The attack on Nuremberg on 30–31 March 1944, The attack on Dresden on 13–14 February 1945, "Halifax aircraft: performance and handling trials: A.& A.E.E/760 13 pts 760a-e 55 pts", "Handley Page Halifax Mk III – Yorkshire Air Museum", "Handley Page Halifax B.MK.II Series I W1048/8465M", "The Story of Halifax NA337 «  National Air Force Museum of Canada", "Support the Recovery of a RCAF Halifax Bomber", "Fishing For Halibags – Retrieving a Halifax Bomber from the Irish Sea > Vintage Wings of Canada", "Bomber Command Museum of Canada – Halifax Project", Halifax at the International Bomber Command Centre Digital Archive, Air operations during the Battle of Europe, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Handley_Page_Halifax&oldid=996658409, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from March 2017, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2017, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2013, Articles needing POV-check from December 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Handley Page Halifax B.III showing the later rectangular fins and, Built by Handley Page. 30 th September 1943 – 78 Squadron, RAF Breighton – Handley Page Halifax II – LW263 – P/O E E Kitchen DFC RAFVR - Ops Bochum.. The Halifax has its origins in the twin-engine HP56 proposal of the late 1930s, produced in response to the British Air Ministry's Specification P.13/36 for a capable medium bomber for "world-wide use." [2] These designs put significant demands on engine production and maintenance, both of which were already stretched with the introduction of many new types of aircraft into service. Over 6000 Halifax heavy bombers were built. But any new facilities were devoted to the Lancaster. The aircraft was moved to the National Air Force Museum of Canada in Trenton, Ontario where it was unveiled in 2005 after a full restoration. Halifax • Now, only three incomplete specimens remain Halifax Survivors: The Imperial War Museum display a nose section as a walk through exhibit, this is all that is left of Halifax PN323. The Halifax, one of the primary four-engined heavy bombers in the Royal Air Force’s Bomber Command, is extraordinarily rare today, with just two more or less complete survivors, and another reconstructed around the rear fuselage of a crashed example and the wings from a Handley Page Hastings. Upon its introduction to service during September 1948, the Hastings was the largest transport plane ever designed for the service. Es folgten die Serie II mit höherem Gesamtgewicht sowie die Serie III. Bombing activity became increasingly brazen throughout late 1944 as the Luftwaffe became incapable of putting up effective opposition against them. [3], The first prototype was built at Handley Page's facility in Cricklewood, London, It was then dismantled and transported by road to RAF Bicester (the nearest non-operational RAF airfield with suitable facilities) for reassembly. Nevertheless, production of the Halifax continued until April 1945. The Halifax shared with the Lancaster the major burden of Bomber Command's night bombing campaign over Europe. [9] The No. [citation needed], The Halifax Mk.I was quickly followed by 25 of the Mk I Series II; these featured an increased gross weight (from 58,000 lb/26,310 kg to 60,000 lb/27,220 kg) but with maximum landing weight unchanged at 50,000 lb (23,000 kg). During its career with the Tigers, it completed 62 sorties on enemy targets. Hinaidi • 963 . Handley Page's answer to meet Air Staff Specification C.3/44 for a long-range general purpose transport was the H.P.67. In 1995 they participated in their first recovery project, that of Halifax NA337 from 750 feet underwater in Lake Mjøsa, Norway. None was preserved, and the aircraft seen here has been assembled using parts from a variety of sources. On 25 October 1939, the maiden flight of the first prototype Halifax, serial number L7244, was performed by chief test pilot Jim Cordes with E A 'Ginger' Wright as flight test observer; during this flight, the undercarriage remained locked down as an extra safety precaution. [28] The Halifax remained in widespread service with Coastal Command and RAF Transport Command, Royal Egyptian Air Force and the Armée de l'Air until early 1952. [3] The HP57 was given the service name Halifax upon its acceptance. April 2020 um 08:12 Uhr bearbeitet. Such was the promise of the new model that, in January 1938, the RAF chose to place their first production order for the type, ordering 100 Mk.I Halifaxes "off the drawing board", at which point the serials which had already been assigned to HP56 were switched to HP57. [9][20] The existence of the Halifax was not officially acknowledged until July 1941, after it was used in a daylight attack on La Pallice, France, against the German battleship Scharnhorst. Introduced into service in November 1943, the Mk III was first delivered to No. [17] With a typical payload of 5,800 lbs of bombs and 2,242 imp. Sie wurde ab März 1941 vom RAF Bomber Command eingesetzt. Handley Page Halifax Forum. It was developed by Handley Page to the same specification as the contemporary twin-engine Avro Manchester. To contain and attach the engines to the airframe, Handley Page developed their own design for the power egg instead of using the typical, slimmer Rolls-Royce counterpart; despite generating increased drag, this in-house design was readily adaptable to the alternative Hercules engine on later aircraft. [9], While the early-built models of the Halifax were heavily used by Bomber Command and made valuable contributions to operations, the aircraft's performance was considered unsatisfactory for the most part, mainly due to the underpowered Merlin engine, which meant that it could not fly at the higher altitudes needed to avoid enemy fighters, which were becoming increasingly effective throughout 1943. Hendon • Barton continued to fly the Halifax while other crew members bailed out, he was killed in the aircraft's crash-landing, but the remaining crew survived due to his actions. [3], Towards the end of the year, a full mock-up of the design was assessed; production of a pair of HP57 prototypes commenced in March 1938. The Halifax was produced in large numbers during the war: of the 10,018 heavy bombers produced in Britain between 1940 and 1944, 4,046 were various models of the Halifax – in excess of 40%. This aircraft ( pictured above ) took off from Breighton at 1804. [9] Pathfinder crews flying the Halifax would mark routes and identify and mark targets for the Main Force. The maximum bomb load was 14,500 lb (6,600 kg), which was primarily carried in a bomb bay housed within the fuselage, divided into six separate bomb compartments, with three bomb compartments in the inboard sections of each wing; this division of the payload between multiple compartments limited the maximum size of the individual bombs which could be completely enclosed to 2,000 lb (910 kg); when carrying the 4,000lb and 8,000lb high capacity (HC) bombs the bomb bay doors could not close fully. Die Handley Page Halifax (Handley-Page Typ 57 bzw. The type also entered commercial service for a number of years, used mainly as a freighter. [9] Different models of the Halifax used different numbers and combinations of turrets, effectively trading speed for firepower and vice versa. Hare • Data current to 27 Dec 2020. Most of these engines were under development. The Halifax was also flown in large numbers by other Allied and Commonwealth nations, such as the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF), Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), Free French Air Force and Polish forces. H.P.57) war ein viermotoriger Bomber der Zeit des Zweiten Weltkriegs aus britischer Produktion. In a major triumph of aviation archaeology, back in 1973 the Halifax B.Mk.II W1048 was recovered from the Lake Hoklingen, Norway. His company Handley Page Limited was best known for its large aircraft such as the Handley Page 0/400 and Halifax bombers and the HP42 airliner. Once the aircraft has been raised, it will be moved to the Bomber Command Museum of Canada in Nanton, Alberta for restoration. [27] It served increasingly in other support capacities as the war progressed, being used as a glider tug, an electronic warfare aircraft for No. The Handley Page Halifax was one of the four-engined heavy bombers of the Royal Air Force during the Second World War. 100 Group and to conduct special operations, such as parachuting agents and arms into occupied Europe, for the Special Operations Executive (SOE). 102 Sqn. Accordingly, in 1936, the RAF decided to investigate the feasibility of a four-engined bomber. [28], Throughout early 1945, the Halifax was frequently dispatched against cities within the German homeland, including Hannover, Magdeburg, Stuttgart, Cologne, Münster, Osnabrück and others. Die Mk.II-Serie IA (H.P.59) brachte eine weitere wichtige Modifikation: sie hatte größere rechteckige Seitenleitwerke, um die bei der früheren Konstruktion aufgetretenen schwerwiegenden Stabilitätsprobleme zu lösen. The Handley Page Halifax, which was down to only one nose section has achieved something of a renaissance by recovery from watery graves. Barnes, C H: Handley Page Aircraft since 1907, London 1976, pp. [6][3] The introduction of the successful P.13/36 candidates was delayed by the necessity of ordering additional Armstrong-Whitworth Whitley and Vickers Wellington bombers first. The aircraft had failed to return from an attack on the Tirpitz in 1942. Other changes included the adoption of de Havilland Hydromatic propellers and rounded wing tips. We much appreciate your telegram of congratulation on Saturday night's work, the success of which was very largely due to your support in giving us such a powerful weapon to wield. [8][3], On 17 August 1940, the first flight of the second prototype, L7245, now complete with full armament and operationally-representative equipment, was performed by Cordes from Radlett Aerodrome. The wings came from Hastings, TG536, at RAF Catterick. 387–388. [9] The first English Electric-built aircraft was flown from Samlesbury on 15 August 1941. Subtle modifications distinguished the Mk I aircraft. Login; Join; HOME. [2] Other candidates for the specification included the Avro 679, and designs from Fairey, Boulton Paul and Shorts; all were designed around a two-engine installation, using the Rolls-Royce Vulture, Napier Sabre, Fairey P.24 or Bristol Hercules. These pages are dedicated to the preservation of the Handley-Page Halifax. The crew under F/O D R McGillivray of the Royal Canadian Air Force was detailed to undertake a navigation training exercise. [citation needed], Owing to a shortage of Messier-built landing gear and hydraulics, Dowty-built landing gear were used on some aircraft instead. Marathon • The majority of these engines were under development at this point; while four-engined bomber designs were considered for specification B.12/36 for a heavy bomber, wings mounting two pairs of engines were still in the experimental stage and required additional testing at the Royal Aircraft Establishment (RAE). In the latter capacity, each Halifax was built from various sub-assemblies. Bei der Serie-IA wurde erstmals die später immer verwendete widerstandsarme Plexiglas-Rumpfnase verwendet; der Rumpfturm hatte vier MGs und der Antrieb des Flugzeuges erfolgte durch Merlin-22-Motoren. Handley Page . B. Mk. [citation needed], The remaining variants were the Halifax C Mk VIII, an unarmed transport that was fitted with an 8,000 lb/3,630 kg cargo pannier instead of a bomb bay, which could accommodate a maximum of 11 passengers and the Mk A IX paratroop transport, which had space for up to 16 paratroopers and their equipment. In mid-1937, it was decided to order both the Avro 679 and HP56 designs "off the drawing board" in order to speed up delivery timetables. On 25 October 1939, the Halifax performed its maiden flight, and it entered service with the RAF on 13 November 1940. Home; Books; Search; Support. It quickly became a major component of Bomber Command, performing routine strategic bombing missions against the Axis Powers, many of them at night. In 1945 a war weary country set about dismantling the vast amount of war machinery. They just wanted rid, and to start afresh. Buried in Wevelgem Communal Cemetery, … [citation needed]. (RAF Photo) The Handley Page Hampden was a British twin engined bomber flown by the RCAF during the Second World War in Canada and overseas. [27], The only Victoria Cross to be awarded to any Halifax pilot went to Cyril J. 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