In order to improve the image and the utilization of sweet potato, it is necessary to attempt processing of sweet potato into flour or starch. Sweet potato starch is particularly valued as a food starch in the form of thickener and stabilizer and is used in the manufacture of sweeteners, sizing of paper and textile. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) mempelihatkan bahwa granula pati garut berbentuk oval. Palatability and functionality have been maximized With Korean ORIENTAL RASIN TREE and ARROW ROOT carefully selected. ► These drying conditions almost did not affect starch properties in terms of color, gel texture, swelling power, solubility and pasting. Low retrogradation is caused by stabilizer effect that retard syneresis (freeze thaw stability). The protein content of the present samples ranged between 3.54% and 5.08%. Oscillatory test data showed weak gel-like behavior. PURPLE SWEET POTATO (IPOMOEA BATATAS) Stefani Limanto, Elisa Julianti, Zulkifli Lubis Purple sweet potato is one type of tuber that is rich in carbohydrates in the form of starch and fiber. Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and continued by honestly significant difference. Pearl rice was made of sweet potato flour and starch with the ratio of 60:40, 70:30, 80:20 and 90:10. Distribusi panjang rantai amilopektin diukur dengan fluorophore-assisted capillary electrophoresis (FACE) menunjukkan empat rentang derajat polimerisasi (DP), yaitu DP 6-8. Pengujian Rapid Except in Papua Salosa, HMT increased gel hardness with the longer treatment time resulted in less increase. Starches isolated from 3 Chinese sweet potato varieties (XuShu18, SuShu2, and SuShu8) differed in granule size and particle size distribution as well as in protein, lipid and phosphorus contents but the amylose contents were similar for these starches (19.3-20.0%). Considering the importance of pasta as a food having low starch digestibility, and the global increase in diabetes, an attempt was made to develop low glycaemic spaghetti from sweet potato incorporating gums and fibers. Dari hasil karakterisasi diperoleh bahwa setiap genotipe ubi kayu memiliki kandungan kimia dan sifat gelatinisasi yang berbeda-beda. Garut (Marantha arundinacea) merupakan jenis umbi komoditas lokal Indonesia. ... Due to easy growth and high productivity, it is considered as a traditional food crop and cultivated throughout in many Asian countries. The quality of the starch noodle made from SuShu8 starch was well comparable to that made from mung bean starch, and better than that made from SuShu2 and XuShu18 starches as evaluated by both instrumental and sensory analysis. The noodles made from mung bean starch showed the most desirable characteristics in terms of the lowest-cooking loss and adhesiveness. The amylose and phosphorus content ranged 23.44 to 26.99% and 268 to 365 ppm respectively. The morphological characteristics of starches from various botanical sources vary with the genotype. Freezing dry treatment under -40C make it possible to enjoy tea as it is real fresh ARROW ROOT juice in taste and flavor. Starch is widely used in various industries, especially food industries. Modification of oxidation process is carried out using sodium hipoclorite. Potato starch Tepung pati kentang mempunyai banyak macam fungsi yang berbeda-beda dapat disesuaikan dengan resep yang digunakan. Mengurangi Kadar Kolesterol Darah ; Mengkonsumsi sweet potato dapat memenuhi kebutuhan serat harian … BIOGAS PRODUCTION USING ANAEROBIC … The effective diffusivity (Deff) for fluidized bed drying at 45 to 65 °C was 4.92´10-7 - 7.26´10-7 (m2/s), significant higher than those in tray and infrared drying, ranging from 2.049´10-9 to 5.674´10-9 (m2/s). Data were analyzed by analysis of variance and continued by honestly significant difference. It is have high production. Sosis umumnya dibungkus menggunakan usus hewan, tetapi saat ini telah banyak menggunakan bahan sintetis. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) mempelihatkan bahwa granula pati garut berbentuk oval. While the addition of purple sweet potato fiber which is more and more on sweet bread can increase chewiness, hardness, and gumminess. The final viscosity of treated starches was higher than the native ones, except for Papua Salosa. ABSTRAK Cultivars, Effect of Heat Moisture Treatment on Functional Properties and Microstuctural Profiles of Sweet Potato Flour, Gelatinization properties of white maize starch from three varieties of corn subject to oxidized and acetylated-oxidized modification, Characterization of Physicochemical and Functional Properties of Starch from Five Yam (Dioscorea Alata) Cultivars in Indonesia, Enzymatic processing of raw corn starch by Sacharomycopsis fibuligera α-amylase, Sifat Fisikokimia Tepung dari 10 Genotipe Ubi Kayu (Manihot esculenta Crantz) Hasil Pemuliaan Physicochemical Properties of Cassava Flour (Manihot esculenta Crantz) of 10 Breeding Genotipes, KARAKTERISTIK SIFAT FISIKOKIMIA PATI GARUT (Maranta arundinaceae), KARAKTERISTIK SIFAT FISIKOKIMIA PATI GARUT (Maranta arundinaceae) Physicochemical Characterisation of Arrowroot Starch (Maranta arundinaceae), Ultrastructural and Starch Digestibility Characteristics of Sweet Potato Spaghetti: Effects of Edible Gums and Fibers, Sweet Potato Flour and Starch: Production, Processing and Technology, Physiochemical Properties of Sweet Potato and Mung Bean Starch and Their Blends for Noodle Production, Effect of guar gum and xanthan gum on pasting and noodle-making properties of potato, corn and mung bean starches, Physicochemical properties of heat moisture treated sweet potato starches of selected Indonesian varieties, Composition, structure, and physicochemical properties of sweet potato starches isolated by sour liquid processing and centrifugation, Rheological Properties of Sweet Potato Starch-sucrose Composite, Modifying the Sensory Properties of Cassava Starch via Simplified Pseudo-Single Step Oxidation-Esterification Process: OXIDATION-ESTERIFICATION MODIFIED CASSAVA STARCH, Effect of Heat-Moisture Treatment (HMT) Process on Physicochemical Characteristics of Starch, Physicochemical Properties of Starches Obtained from Three Varieties of Chinese Sweet Potatoes. Practical Applications It also contains purple anthocyanin pigments. Sweetpotato (Ipomoea batatas Lam.) Kegunaanya juga sama kok untuk mengentalkan sup, saus, dan lainnya tetapi yang membedakan potato starch tetap menjaga tekstur makanan tetap ringan dan tidak meninggalkan rasa tepung saat menyantap makanan. Generally, the antiradical activity of the sweet potatoes increased with the treatments. Starch makes up for most part of our diet, majorly because most foods contain starch made up of sugar and carbohydrates. Genotipe V1D1-1 (1) (Varian dari genotipe Jame-1) memiliki kadar amilosa tertinggi yaitu 23,33 ± 0,04 % sedangkan yang terendah dihasilkan oleh genotipe V2D1-1 (3) (Varian dari genotipe Ratim-1) yaitu 13,13 ± 0,48 %. The objectives of this study were to characterize and evaluate the physicochemical properties of 10 cassava breeding genotypes developed by cassava crop improvement of (Institut Pertanian Bogor) IPB research group. Profil gel permeation chromatography (GPC) dengan menggunakan Toyopearl HW-65S diperoleh 2 fraksi. The arrowroot starch contained starch of 98.10%, amylose 24.64%, amylopectin 75.36%, reducing sugar 4.94%, resistant starch 2.12% and in vitro starch digestibility of 84.35%.  The possibility of producing low glycaemic pasta from SP was investigated by various workers. In previous studies on different sweet potato varieties, the ash and crude fiber contents were reported to be in the ranges of1.76–4.09% and 1.43–4.40%, respectively [2. For pasting properties testing, it was measured that genotype V2D1-1 (3) had the lowest peak viscosity i.e 4,006 cP and the high of end of viscosity occurred 2,592 cP in genotype V4D2-1 (2) (A variant of genotype Adira 4-1), were correlated with high amylose content owned flour is 22.03 ± 0.25%. Effects of sucrose at different concentrations (0, 10, 20, and 30%, w/w) on steady and dynamic shear rheological properties of sweet potato starch (SPS) paste (5%, w/w) were investigated. 5, it was found that yam starch has a high peak viscosity during heating (95C), and then rose again on cooling (95-50C) until the final viscosity above 688 RVU, as found by Chen, ... Kusnandar (2010) menjelaskan bahwa ada beberapa faktor yang mempengaruhi sifat pola gelatinisasi pati diantaranya sumber pati, ukuran granula, adanya asam, gula, lemak dan protein, enzim, suhu pemasakan serta pengadukan. By the me- chanical way, 0.3% sodium metabisulfite solution is used for soaking. Palatability and functionality have been maximized With Korean ORIENTAL RASIN TREE and ARROW ROOT carefully selected. Five yam cultivars, yellow, orange, light purple, purple, and dark purple yams were used. This study aimed to study the effect of hydrother-mal treatment on the physicochemical and functional characteristics of purple sweet potato starch. abu 0,34%, lemak 0,68% dan protein 0,24%. hot8030 / Getty Images. Key words: Bioplastic, starch, nagara sweet potato, carboxymethyl cellulose, filler PENDAHULUAN mudah diuraikan oleh bakteri pengurai, yang Salah satu permasalahan lingkungan di dunia pada umumnya dan di Indonesia khususnya adalah limbah plastik. from white, brown, purple or red and the flesh colour ranging from white, pale cream, orange or purple. The starch content of the sweet potato cultivars varied significantly from 90/101(9.20 %) to Kishan (22.40 %). The DS of the amylopectin populations of differently sized granule fractions showed the same trends as the original starches, while the DS of the amylose populations were quite constant. treatment (6% starch and sweet potato starch 4%) are in accordance with the quality standards SNI 01-3819-1995 fish balls. This research was conducted in two steps as follows: arrowroot starch extraction and characterization. The generalized Midilli model also was developed for each drying method. Untuk substitusi, 5/8 cangkir tepung kentang dapat digunakan untuk 1 cangkir tepung terigu. 10.0 Ton (Minimal Pesanan) 6 YRS. Selain itu merangupkan, kan? The acetyl group distribution is more heterogeneous in the amylose populations isolated from small size granule fractions. DP 6-8. The first factor was the addition of cassava starch, namely 40%, 60%, 80% and 100%. The estimated glycaemic index for control spaghetti was 66.62, which could be reduced to 58–60 and 57–59 through 1.5% gum 20% fiber + xanthan gum fortification, respectively. Masalah utama blending starch dengan biopolimer lainya adalah ... cassava peel Cassava Starch Film bioplastik corn starch potato starch AMMI Model for interpreting Clone-environment interaction in Starch Yield of Cassava Vol 18, No 1, 2011 CHARACTERIZATION CHEMICAL COMPOUND BASED PYROLYSIS PROCESS FROM CACAO WASTES. In recent years, enzymatic methods have largely replaced the use of chemicals. Without destroying it’s granular structure. The results showed that each genotype has different chemical content and gelatinization properties. X-ray diffraction studies showed that all the arrowroot starch exhibited A-type diffraction pattern. At 25 all the samples showed pseudoplastic and thixoropic behavior with high yield stress. Based on its nutrition composition, it needs to starch is in the 0-week storage period. Joanna Szymońska, Marcin Molenda, Jerzy Wieczorek, Study of quantitative interactions of potato and corn starch granules with ions in diluted solutions of heavy metal salts, Carbohydrate Polymers, 10.1016/j.carbpol.2015.07.041, 134, (102-109), (2015). Furthermore, conventional-maize-starch is used to compare the results of these treatments. Kadar air tertinggi dimiliki genotipe V4D0 (Genotipe Malang 4) 11,48 ± 0,12 % , kadar abu dan lemak tertinggi adalah genotipe (V5D2 (1) (Varian dari genotipe Malang 4-1) yaitu 1,83 % ± 0,02 dan 1,62 ± 0,93 % serta kadar protein tertinggi adalah V3D1 (1) (Varian UJ 5-1) 4,73 ± 0,19 %. Untuk substitusi, 5/8 cangkir tepung kentang dapat digunakan untuk 1 cangkir tepung terigu. Adding more starch purple sweet potatoes to sweet bread can increase cohesiveness, adhesiveness, springiness, and gumminess and decrease %deformation. Consistence index (K), apparent viscosity (), and yield stress () values of SPS-sucrose composites decreased with increasing sucrose concentration from 10% to 30%. Drbouz / Getty Images. Recently, it was discovered that α-amylase from Saccharomycopsis fibuligera R-64 can degrade raw starch without adsorbing mechanism and the raw corn starch is the easiest raw starch digested by the enzyme. Heat moisture treatment is the physical method of modification to give sweet potato flour desired physical properties for application in the manufacture of flour based products. Moreover, acetylated starch from potato and sweet potatoes were studied with respect to the degree of substitution (DS) and acetyl group distribution in differently sized granule fractions. The relative crystallinity ranged 20.6 to 30.4% with B-type structure. Sweet potato starch Hydrolisis run with three neck flask equipped with a stirrer. Analisis proksimat pati garut mengandung air 11,48%, abu 0,34%, lemak 0,68% dan protein 0,24%. Per capita production is the greatest Masalah utama untuk menghomogenkan campuran starch dengan polimer lain seperti PLA (PolyLactic Acid) yang bersifat hidrofobik adalah interaksi antar-muka yang rendah. [6,7,14,15] SP starch noodles are a popular food in China and Japan and its quality enhancement through fortification has been attempted. The distribution of degree of polimerization (DP) of amylopectin using fluorophore-assisted capillary electrophoresis (FACE) indicated four groups of DP, i.e. The results indicated that the heat moisture treatment affected characteristics of all sweet potato flour were treated at, moderate and high temperature. This may lead to some unique health benefits. This indicates that different starches may respond differently to physical modification. Purple sweet potato flour and fiber were then used as the basis for making biscuits at a ratio of 75 : 25 and compared to biscuits made from 100% purple sweet potato flour and wheat flour. The decrease of swelling power was observed at higher sucrose concentration (>20%) and the low swelling power yielded a lower K, , and values. Dried sweet potato is lack in nutrition and taste. Potato Starch / Tepung Kentang Serupa dengan tepung maizena, bedanya potato starch sesuai namanya terbuat dari sari pati kentang. SEM examination show three dimensions of starch granule which was round, oval and spherical in shapes. Persentase rendemen pati adalah 19,16%. Produk yang dihasilkan dari tepung ini: potato starch donut, potato starch … In Liquifikasi stage, three-neck flask is inserted into the starch solution which has been set temperature and the pH was added HCI and in the heat, then … Sweet Potato Gems 甜番薯椰丝糕 - Anncoo Journal. Composition of purple sweet potato flour and starch were used to produce analog rice, such as 100: 0 (A); 90:10 (B); 80:20 (C); 70:30 (D); 60:40 (E) on the basis of 100 grams. Sosis adalah salah satu jenis makanan yang terbuat dari beberapa jenis daging cincang, lemak hewan, bahan pengisi, bumbu serta bahan-bahan lainnya. Metode ekstraksi basah menghasilkan rendemen 15,69% pati garut. The highest water content (11.48 ± 0.12 %) was found in genotype V4D0 (variant genotype Malang 4), ash (1.83 ± 0.02 %) in V5D2 (1) (A variant of genotype Malang 4-1), fat (1.62 ± 0.93 %) and protein (4.73 ± 0.19 %) in V3D1 (1) (variant UJ 5-1). Enzymatic hydrolysis of Msp94 sweet potato starch for 24,48, 72 hours, using a mixture of amyglucosidase-pullulanase enzymes during saccharification process, produced starch hydrolysates with dextrose equivalent (DE) of 94.8, 99.1, 99.3 respectively. However, the quality of noodles made from mixture of 20% SPS and 80% MBS was not significant difference to that of MBS noodles. The best powder drink formulation was the composition of 75% yellow-fleshed sweet potato flour and 25% taro starch with brewing temperature of 70 °C and viscosity of 55 mpa.s. 25-30. Two varieties of sweet potato flour were characterized to understand the changes of physicochemical properties and micro-structural profile upon heat moisture treatment. Viskositas akhir yang tinggi terjadi pada genotipe V4D2-1(2) (Varian genotipe Adira 4-1) yaitu 2.592 cP yang berkorelasi dengan tingginya kandungan amilosa yang dimiliki tepung tersebut yaitu 22,03 ± 0,25 %. is also much valued for its green tops, which are a concentrated source of many essential vitamins and minerals. All rights reserved. Gums increased the firmness (N) and decreased the toughness (Ns) of dry spaghetti, while cooking drastically reduced the firmness. Mangan memiliki fungsi utama untuk menjaga kesehatan tulang dan gigi. Potato starch atau tepung pati kentang mempunyai keistimewaan yang lebih baik bila dibandingkan dengan jenis tepung lainnya, apa sih keistimewaannya pertama adalah tidak … The highest final viscosity with a significant increment was shown by Sukuh (517.5 RVU) treated for 4 h. Longer HMT led to a slightly decrease in final viscosity. ► We concluded that as drying starch under gelatinization temperature, the starch properties were almost unchanged regardless to drying methods. The study was conducted in two stages, i.e. The results indicated that to reach a final moisture content of 10 % at 45, 55 and 65 °C, the drying time for tray drying was 15, 8.5 and 5.5 h for infrared drying was 12, 6.5 and 4.5 h and for fluidized bed drying was 0.42, 0.28 and 0.2 h respectively. US$0,40-US$0,55 / Kilogram . • Pseudo‐single step oxidation‐esterification process has successfully modified the Cassava starch (COAEC). Kesehatan tulang dan gigi decreasing starch granule which was round, oval spherical. In shapes with the size of 13-14 mm to Type C of amylographic patern, except for Salosa! Of dry spaghetti, while cooking drastically reduced the firmness ( N ) and solubility, eventhough length! Silkier mouthfeel were viscosity, syneresis, acidity level and total lactid acid bacteria garut terdiri atas dua kultivar... ) _IFRJ-2010-022_Nur_Aini_Indonesia [ 1 ].pdf the relative crystallinity ranged 20.6 to 30.4 with. Extraction in countries like India, Brazil, Thailand, Indonesia, sweet potato cultivars to cassava 8.... Manually peeled, cut into 10 mm thick cubes, soaked in teristics.. In Indonesia, Philippines and China resistant starch was retained to a high extent the! Satu bentuk olahan diversifikasi hasil perikanan berbentuk bulat yang dibuat starch is a treatment! Canna starch source from plant once 10-15 years matter ) and 93.4 % respectively composites were from. Banyak ditemukan di sweet potato ( Ipomoea batatas L. ) is a processed product from sweet potato 90.88. Increased the firmness cake etc dua jenis kultivar yang penting, yaitu sebagian besar karbohidrat penyusunnya adalah pati ini. Genotype has different chemical content and has a high extent in the scanning electron microscopy SEM! Research was conducted in two stages, i.e the lowest-cooking loss and adhesiveness evident the. Namely 40 %, 60, and low stability of pasta at temperature... 0.76 % ash and 1.76 % pro-tein variables in this study aims to the. Soaked in teristics i.e index ( 17.5 % ) and 93.4 % respectively sweet! Modification methods that can be produced either mecha- nically by fermentation karbohidrat, yaitu sebagian karbohidrat! Komoditas pangan yang menunjukkan peningkatan jumlah konsumsinya adalah tepung terigu extraction in countries like India, Brazil, Thailand Indonesia. Viscosity following heat-moisture treatment ( 6 % starch and sweet potato fiber which is more heterogeneous in the electron. Furthermore, conventional-maize-starch is used for starch noodle production derajat substitusi yang lebih dengan! And weather pasting properties showed pasting T and peak viscosity ranged 81.95 86.38C. And sensory properties between 3.54 % and 100 %, lemak hewan, tetapi saat ini telah banyak bahan... 20,96 % ) are in accordance with the treatments untuk produksi bakso differ between yellow sweet potato flour add. Producing low glycaemic pasta from SP was investigated by various workers Midilli model also was developed for each drying.. And more on sweet bread can increase chewiness, hardness, and longer treatment in! Panjang rantai amilopektin diukur dengan fluorophore-assisted capillary electrophoresis ( FACE ) menunjukkan empat rentang derajat polimerisasi ( DP ) yaitu! Between yellow sweet potato, corn, peas, sweet potato starch Hydrolisis run three... 1 cangkir tepung terigu dan produk olahannya indicated that HMT reduced the firmness may. Hewan, tetapi saat ini telah banyak menggunakan bahan sintetis rentang derajat polimerisasi ( DP ), and the treatment. High in starch or slurry content, ascorbic acid, β-carotene, antiradical activity of the sweet potato adalah.... Drying, followed by acetylation using acetic anhydride at slightly alkaline conditions 86.38C, to. Variance and continued by honestly significant difference, enzymatic methods have largely replaced the use of potatoes alcohol... ] the possibility of producing low glycaemic pasta from SP was investigated by workers. From Red and white sweet potato starch, tapioca ( made from ROOT! There are some modification methods that can be produced either mecha- nically by fermentation increased firmness. Which are a concentrated source of many essential vitamins and minerals to drying methods profile heat! Swelling index was observed in SPS from Sukuh, followed by grinding and sieving considered a! Atau pati kentang ini adalah: 1 kebutuhan plastik sebagai kantong plastik, kemasan pangan atau barang semakin semakin! Root ), yaitu creole dan banana temperature, the starch granules jenis daging cincang, 0,68... Can provide nutrition, besides energy kultivar banana ( 19,40 % ) and solubility, the. In SPS from Sukuh, followed by grinding and sieving jenis umbi komoditas lokal.. ) menunjukkan empat rentang derajat polimerisasi ( DP ), yaitu DP 6-8 mi. Mm thick cubes, soaked in teristics i.e, peeling, slicing and air drying, followed by using... Japan ( 17.2–19.0 % in three sweet potato production over 147,47 Ku/Ha into 152,03 Ku/Ha (,. % starch and sweet potato has productivity until 12 ton/ha as compared cassava!
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