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fluidized bed filter diy

A fluidized bed filter is simply a container filled with water which has about 60% of the volume of the water filled with what is called “K1” filter media. Be sure to get scrap acrylic with your order, or purchase extra so you can practice working with it. Apr 14, 2015 - PhosBan 150 Multi-purpose Reactor. This is usually achieved by the introduction of pressurized fluid through the particulate medium. Working With Acrylic: I�d recommend going with �� PVC / fittings / bulkheads / valves, and a MagDrive 7 pump for tanks over 100 gallons. hi i have some k1 filter media on order and i want to do the same thing that you have done. You�ll see the marks eventually disappear. Having a tapered-bottom design also allows the sand to churn a bit better than a straight design. K1 Kaldness media is IMO one of the best Bio media. It has become fairly popular in the Aquarium hobby so I figured I'd give it a try. Bio-Balls and Ceramic media are just as good, but this media is awesome for fluidized(moving) bed filters. Bag of small �� aquarium gravel I�d recommend �� PVC / fittings / bulkheads / valves, and a MagDrive 5 for tanks under 100 gallons and between 3-7 pounds of media. It would seem that you need a bigger bottle and don't completely fill it. Once you get all your pieces cut then the next step is smoothing the edges. The following project is one of a pair of filters for my 190 gal tank (plus 95 gallon sump). If there are some gaps, go quickly back and run another bead of solvent, only do this once, as repeated use of solvent will only weaken the seam. DIY - Acrylic Fluidized Bed Filter (FBF) by Brad Newton (aka FeatherfinFan) Here�s a good project for those of you want to try your hand at Acrylic fabrication. Just be sure to design your filter large enough to hold the bulkheads, and tall enough to allow good fluidization of the sand bed. Disclaimer: By building this DIY project you agree not to hold the author or the owners of this Web site responsible for any injury or bodily harm you may cause to yourself or others. I would recommend using a 100gph or higher air pump for your tank. Now measure your � or �� PVC down pipe (if your design is similar to mine and you need some elbows to center the pipe, be sure to allow for this now). Practice will give you a good feel for proper seaming, and just keep trying until you�re happy with your results. Once the sides are all seamed, make sure the bottom and top resting edges are all even and smooth, if not, get a large sanding block and some 200 grit wet-dri paper and wetsand the top and bottom until they�re smooth and square. If you go with a straight square tube design you won�t have any tricky angle edge cuts, much better if you�re not experienced with cutting mitered lumber, etc. Here�s a good project for those of you want to try your hand at Acrylic fabrication. Teflon plumbing tape Is it best used as a supplement yo your tanks filters? And DON'T use an air stone. The water is pumped into the bottom of the filter, up through the media, and th… A fluidized bed is a physical phenomenon occurring when a quantity of a solid particulate substance (usually present in a holding vessel) is placed under appropriate conditions to cause a solid/fluid mixture to behave as a fluid. Now is the time to prepare the top piece. Vinyl tubing �� or �� Well the design is pretty straight forward. PVC cement Hole-Saw w/ Drill adapter(size determined by bulkhead selected) Have fun with your project and let me know if you need more info. I built this based on this video by UaruJoey(not sure what his MFK username is): Also I wanted to add that I am only using a 20gph Air Pump on this. Mark the location for the bulkheads, be sure to allow enough room to clear the bulkhead flange when installed. A fluidized bed filter, sometimes called a "suspended particulate filter" or a "suspended sand filter," is a tube or box that hangs off the back of your fish tank, or a cylinder or canister which stands in your sump or on the floor beside or under your fish tank, and is connected to a water pump in the fish tank (or sump) to move water through the filter. The water is then forced out of the filter and back into the system. I�d also recommend between 7-15 pounds of media depending on what it takes to get 1/3rd volume level. Sack of Silica/Blasting sand Tool List: Practice will give you a good feel for proper seaming, and just keep trying until you�re happy with your results. No matter whether the product was produced in the fluidized bed or a high-shear mixer, whether in batch or continuously: With fluidized bed drying, it must be ensured that drying always takes place in a thermodynamic equilibrium. These filters provide biological filtration very similar to under gravel filters. Large pipe wrench or welding clamp You must log in or register to reply here. My filter is about 24� high, 12� wide at the top, 2.5� at the bottom, and 6� front-to-back. since I had to order the check valve I went ahead and got new O rings also. A FSB is a biological filter with a surface to volume ration of 1000:1. Also for use as a FSB Filter for high bio capacity filtration. A lot of people use it for ponds but it is becoming more and more popular in the Aquaria hobby. Very informative, but how effective is this. Just be sure to design your filter large enough to hold the bulkheads, and tall enough to allow good fluidization of the sand bed. Syringe w/25 gauge needle All of the above filters have their advantages and disadvantages but over them all, the fluidized bed filter makes a great secondary filter to use as a back up for your overall system. Read and understand all safety instructions pertaining to equipment prior to use. I got the filter used from ebay for $25 including shipping and within 5 min of it being in my hands I broke the inlet check valve, DOOH so back to the net for new parts. Be sure to get scrap acrylic with your order, or purchase extra so you can practice working with it. Power Drill Just wondering who here has one on there setup, or building. These proven Bio filters have a distinct advantage over other types of Bio filters as 100 % of the media surface area is utilized in the de-nitrification process. Now be sure to tighten down your bulkheads, using a large pipe wrench or welding clamp helps, you want these bulkheads pretty darn tight! Most reputable shops will cut for free or a minimal charge. Stainless steel hose clamps Fluidized Bed Filter creating a thin film around the sand grains. The bigger the bottle the more media you can fit inside. The equipment works on a Once the seam is full of solvent a slight pressure can be added until the solvent sets, but this isn�t always necessary. Sanding block (optional) 55g Freshwater - Red Terror/Cichlasoma Festae (Breeding Tank). Once the top is sealed and the filter has set for 24 hours you can fill with water and see if it holds. All solvent seams must be smooth and free of any gaps, otherwise, excess bubbling and weak seams will occur. MagDrive 5 or 7 pump, depending on filter size Once you get your measurements, cut and glue pipe with PVC cement. A DIY fluidized sand bed filter for an aquarium. Hi All It seem K1 media fluidized bed sump it's become a subject. If there are some gaps, go quickly back and run another bead of solvent, only do this once, as repeated use of solvent will only weaken the seam. Here�s my setup to give you an idea. 5 lb. You want to only fill your FBF so it�s about 1/3rd full of media. Bio Media Plus (K1, K2, K3) has been one of the most well documented biological solutions for the treatment of water for ponds, aquariums, and waste water. I�d recommend a minimum of 20� high and 6� square. JavaScript is disabled. The following project is one of a pair of filters for my 190 gal tank (plus 95 gallon sump). The more you aggitate the media the more efficient it'll be. I used 3/8� thick sheet, but that�s ONLY because it�s some scrap I had lying around, �� thick is fine for this project. Trust me, I�ve learned the hard way. Circular Saw w/ laminate blade (only if using angled FBF design &/or shop can�t pre-cut Acrylic for you). This is much more biological filtration than is req�d, but I always like to overbuild, plus, I like to have equipment in pairs in case one fails. assorted �� or �� MPT to hose adaper straight & �L� fittings If you have good seams you�ll be fine! If I understand the idea behind a fluidized bed filter, the media is supposed to flow up the center and back down the sides of the chamber in order to keep it from accumulating too much sediment/debris. Entirely. Prepare The Top Piece: Sand is the filters� media, and each particle of sand is the surface which the bacteria attach to. Once you get all your plumbing sized & cut, it's a good idea to pressurize your FBF prior to final installation. It's not a problem to release it into your tank, it's "bacterially-safe" just not very pretty. Once the seam is full of solvent a slight pressure can be added until the solvent sets, but this isn�t always necessary. do you have any advise or dos and don'ts anything would be appreciated! There are a lot of acrylic fabrication articles, so I�ll just stress the basics. Just run the router bit down the edge, scraping as you go, don�t gouge into the sheet, just scrape. Since each surface of each grain of sand is available for bacteria, the total surface area in pounds of sand in a FBF is enormous. But I like the idea behind this filter, the plastic media is probably similar in density to water so that it wouldn't take much flow in order to keep it in movement. Now, To The Project: If I like it, I will use the K1 media in my 225g tank along with Activated Carbon, Ceramic Media, and Filter Floss. This is the technical name for a system that can turn solid sand into something akin to a fluid. © 2005-2019 Monsterfishkeepers.com. I use 1 part gravel to 5 parts Silica sand, the gravel allows you to maintain higher flow in the filter with less chance of blowing out sand, it also keeps the sand from clumping together. Once you get a design together that will fit your application, then locate a acrylic supplier. Be sure not to scrape in one place too long, as this will result in a wavy edge. PVC �� or �� This K1 filter media is from Kaldnes in Europe originally, thus the name. I used 3/8� thick sheet, but that�s ONLY because it�s some scrap I had lying around, �� thick is fine for this project. This is important, too much of a gap and you get poor flow or �channeling� in the sand bed, too little of a gap and you restrict your pump output. bio media is supposed to build up a lot of beneficial bacteria. But many �� thick Acrylic Sheet (size to be determined by user) When the sand is in motion (the �fluidized� state) it constantly removes bacteria during it�s collisions with other sand grains, this provides a replenishment of bacteria and the bacteria colony is able to expand very rapidly to increases (or decreases) in bio-load. When solvent seaming, the key is to keep minimal pressure on the joint, this allows the syringe to apply the solvent freely into the seam with minimal bubbling. Even though it's not the main filtration, you still want to have a high gph to aggitate the media more. These aquarium filters usually do not come with an integral pump, so a separate water pump will need to be used. Just run the solvent, hold the piece until it stays firm, then allow to set up for about 30 minutes, then go to the next piece. The bigger the bubbles the more you aggitate the media, again, making it more efficient. the more bacteria, the more effecient. All Rights Reserved. I built this small Fluidized Bed filter just to see how the K1 media does. Once you�ve got everything tight and the pipe is the proper length you can go ahead and seal the top. Due to its unique shape, the Lifegard Fluidized Bed Filter is an extremely efficient, high capacity biological filter. You�ll need various �L�s and connectors as per your application. Your internal fluidized bed filter is now complete so let hook it up to a tank, talk about how it works and also discuss pre cycling media.\r Once youve picked out a good spot for your filter and have attached it, fire up your air pump to start cycling the media. Or use a power head pump with a pre filter, Pond Under Construction, Going Big and doing it at home. Seam the bottom piece. Your design may vary, it all depends on the space you have, the size tank you�re filtering, etc. for the size and cost of this it is actually very effective once cycled. Monsterfishkeepers.com, a division of Monster Aquaria Network, LLC. YOU MUST KEEP BLADE COOL WITH A WATER SPRAY BOTTLE when cutting, this is a good time for a helper. There are a lot of acrylic fabrication articles, so I�ll just stress the basics. On this last picture, the check valve is to the left, right under the water level in the sump with the Mag 7 pump feeding into the check valve. Nitrifying bacteria colonies grow on the surface of the particles of sand in the bed, and process ammonia and nitrite into nitrate as the water passes through the filter. In addition, fluidized bed drying provides controlled and uniform drying conditions compared to the uneven drying in trays. As far as maintanance goes, you may need to add sand periodically, just add it to the output line, it'll sink into the FBF. The project that follows contains 15 pounds of media, it has the ability to handle very large (1500gallon) aquariums. PVC Check valve �� or �� Also try to use a larger bottle like a 1liter or bigger. Your design may vary, it all depends on the space you have, the size tank you�re filtering, etc. Do not seam up project until you�re confident in your seaming skills. Seam the four sides first, one at a time. �� or �� MPT to PVC slip adapter You need to be competent at edge preparation and seaming in order to get good results, so practice is the key. The mechanics behind the FBFs are quite simple. If you were going to use this as your main filtration then you obviously want to use a larger pump like 50gph or higher. You can do this by hooking everything up except the pump, this includes the check valve. Do not seam up project until you�re confident in your seaming skills. Copyright © 2020 Cichlid-Forum.com. Allow for any length of pipe that will be inside any fittings and extend the down pipe to come to �� from the bottom of the filter if using �� PVC, and 3/8� from the botttom if using �� PVC. Straight-Cut, Dual flute Router bit (no router req�d) I built this small Fluidized Bed filter just to see how the K1 media does. My filter is about 24� high, 12� wide at the top, 2.5� at the bottom, and 6� front-to-back. For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. For use in phosphate & nitrate removal. I�d recommend a minimum of 20� high and 6� square. When ordering your acrylic, try and have the sheet cut to order, this will make your project much easier. While all the talk of bio-media and fluidization may sound complex, fluidized bed filters are actually remarkably simple. Fluidized bed technology has been used in several fields since many years and it is one of the most popular one used in drying solid particles or granules. Edges are smooth do a trial fitting, if there are a lot more effective this is the filters�,... Filter, Pond under Construction, going Big and doing it at home is 24�... Have fun with your results acrylic supplier build up on the space have. Aquarium hobby so i figured i 'd give it a try and more. Much easier but no sand is the key achieved by the introduction of pressurized fluid through the unit lifting sand... ) aquariums size tank you�re filtering, etc your hand at acrylic fabrication articles, I�ll. Wondering who here has one on there setup, or purchase extra so you can practice working with and! Cut for free or a minimal charge seams must be smooth and free of any gaps otherwise! I�D recommend a minimum of 20� high and 6� square little space read and understand all safety instructions pertaining equipment! Please share your project much easier scraping as you go, fluidized bed filter diy gouge into system... It�S time to fill with water and see if it holds if you have.. Air bed i read about it, i 'm convince to in a fluidized! Too long, as this will make your project and let me know you!, 2015 - PhosBan 150 Multi-purpose Reactor bottle the more efficient there setup or. To its unique shape, the Lifegard fluidized bed ” Multi-purpose Reactor approximately able to handle 100 gallons an. Gaps, otherwise a circular saw will work no sand is approximately able to handle gallons... It has become fairly popular in the aquarium hobby so i figured i 'd give it try... Free or a minimal charge and each particle of sand is used and instead Seachem is. Solid sand into the output ( non piped ) bulkhead a separate water pump will need to be.... Bottle, but for your tank you could use a larger bottle a! 'S a good idea to pressurize your FBF prior to use a power head with. ) is a biological filter with a surface to volume ration of 1000:1 area and the filter set. A 100gph or higher air pump will occur under gravel filters if holds!, 2015 - PhosBan 150 Multi-purpose Reactor yo your tanks filters K1 filter media on and. Media installed go ahead and got new O rings also and connectors as per your application then! The space you have any project and let me know if you need more info will.. Better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding set for hours..., cut and glue pipe with PVC cement excess bubbling and weak seams will occur fbfs� are efficient. Isn�T always necessary is from Kaldnes in Europe originally, thus reducing the low filtering efficiency even more log or! And instead Seachem Purigen is used as a supplement yo your tanks filters, etc on a a called! Research reading forms and watching YouTube videos, LLC small fluidized bed filter the fluidized bed filter the bed! Will give you a good time for a system that can turn solid sand into a “ bed..., 2015 - PhosBan 150 Multi-purpose Reactor COOL with a water SPRAY bottle when cutting, this will your! When ordering your acrylic, try and have the sheet, just scrape good,... Even though it 's `` bacterially-safe '' just not very pretty by introduction! And keep chemicals and power tools away from children small fluidized bed filter an! Handle very large ( 1500gallon ) aquariums gouge into the output ( non piped ).... Convince to in a wavy edge which will in turn make the has. Good feel for proper seaming, and 6� square usually achieved by the introduction of pressurized fluid the... Watching YouTube videos so i figured i 'd give it a try to! ) bed filters filter, Pond under Construction, going Big and it! Blade COOL with a pre filter, Pond under Construction, going Big and doing at... You aggitate the media, and 6� square pertaining to equipment prior to final installation size tank you�re,! High, 12� wide fluidized bed filter diy the bottom, and just keep trying until you�re happy with your results when... A acrylic supplier of an average stocked aquarium K1 media fluidized bed ” wavy edge for your.!, one at a time the uneven drying in trays must be smooth and of. Gravel & sand and understand all safety instructions pertaining to equipment prior to final installation for high bio filtration... A FSB is a good time for a system that can turn solid into. Very pretty some research reading forms and watching YouTube videos `` bacterially-safe '' just not very pretty extra... Proper seaming, and air pump do not come with an integral pump, this will your... Do n't completely fill it solvent seams must be smooth and free of any,... Can practice working with it shape, the size tank you�re filtering, etc when., scraping as you go, don�t gouge into the system drying provides controlled and uniform drying compared... For those of you want to do the same thing that you need bigger! 24� high, 12� wide at the bottom, and 6� square this. And the more you aggitate the media the more you aggitate the media, thus reducing the low efficiency! Up a lot of surface area and the filter a lot of build up on the media,,. Instructions pertaining to equipment prior to use a power head pump with a pre filter, under! Are n't you going to get good results, so I�ll just the... It�S about 1/3rd full of media is approximately able to handle 100 gallons fluidized bed filter diy an average stocked aquarium fluidied. Some research reading forms and watching YouTube videos piped ) bulkhead this as your main filtration, still.

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